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二十国集团能源部长声明
点击率:6171   来源:国家能源局   发布时间:2020-04-21 16:24:56

二十国集团能源部长声明

2020年4月10日

二十国集团能源部长们对新型冠状病毒肺炎(简称“新冠肺炎”)疫情蔓延给人类造成的苦难深感悲痛。疫情不仅在健康、经济和社会方面产生了直接影响,也加剧了全球油气能源市场的不稳定,损害多个国家的能源安全。今天,我们在此背景下召开本次会议。

能源市场受到的影响使全球经济危机进一步加剧,阻碍可持续发展。我们同意,在整个危机应对和恢复阶段中,确保能源市场的稳定并确保可负担的、安全的能源对保障所有国家健康、福祉和恢复能力至关重要。

基于3月26日二十国集团领导人特别峰会承诺的“使用现有一切政策工具……维持市场稳定”,我们将确保能源行业继续为克服新冠肺炎疫情与推动后续全球复苏做出充分、有效的贡献。

值此前所未有的国际紧急时刻,我们承诺将秉持团结的精神,共同采取即时、具体的行动解决这些问题。

能源市场稳定

我们认识到,功能完善、运行稳定、公开透明、具有竞争性的能源市场在促进经济活动和增长中发挥着至关重要的作用。

新冠肺炎疫情导致了大规模的经济收缩和经济前景的不确定性,激化了能源供需失衡,从而加剧能源市场的不稳定,直接影响了油气行业并蔓延到其他行业,进一步阻碍全球增长。这种市场不稳定性给就业、商业和人民本身增添了重大损失。

为支持全球经济复苏并维护能源市场,我们承诺考虑各国情况,共同制定协作性的政策应对措施,以确保各种能源的市场稳定。

为应对这些挑战,我们承诺采取所有即时、必要的措施,以确保能源市场的稳定。

我们认识到部分生产国作出致力于稳定能源市场的承诺。我们承认国际合作对保障能源系统韧性的重要性。

能源安全

我们认识到,能源安全是经济活动的关键推动力,是能源可及性的基本要素,也是能源市场稳定的基石。

新冠疫情带来了前所未有的挑战,再次提醒我们保障供应的重要性,特别是为医疗等关键服务提供稳定、可负担、可持续、不间断的能源供应。这对确保国际社会,尤其是发展中国家与最不发达国家战胜这一危机具有至关重要的意义。

我们承诺采取一切必要措施,以确保生产国与消费国的利益平衡,确保我们的能源系统安全以及能源流动的不间断。我们尤其意识到,这些都需要保证处于抗击新冠肺炎疫情一线的卫生等行业拥有他们所需要的能源供应。

我们将继续密切跨领域合作,努力使能源系统在应对未来危机中更具适应性和韧性。

我们设立短期任务组,制定协调一致的应对措施与改进行动,并视需要提出政策建议。任务组欢迎各二十国集团成员国按照自愿原则参与,并在沙特阿拉伯担任二十国集团轮值主席期间与相关国际组织合作,定期向二十国集团能源部长们提供评估报告。

我们将保持密切协调,并在9月的会议中评估我们对新冠肺炎疫情的应对情况,以及更广泛的二十国集团更清洁、可持续的能源系统转型议程,必要时准备尽快再次召开会议。

 

G20 Energy Ministerial Statement

April 10, 2020

We, the G20 Energy Ministers, are profoundly saddened by the human tragedy caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. We convene today against this backdrop of a crisis that, in addition to its direct health and economic and social impacts, has also contributed to the destabilization of global oil and gas energy markets and compromises energy security for many nations.

The impacts on the energy markets, in turn, further deepen the global economic crisis and hinder sustainable development. We agree that ensuring energy market stability and ensuring affordable and secure energy are key in addressing the health, well-being and resilience of all countries throughout the crisis response and recovery phases.

Building on our Leaders’ commitment at their Summit on March 26,“to use all available policy tools to…maintain market stability,” we commit to ensure that the energy sector continues to make a full, effective contribution to overcoming COVID-19 and powering the subsequent global recovery.

We commit to work together in the spirit of solidarity on immediate, concrete actions to address these issues in a time of unprecedented international emergency.

Energy Market Stability

We recognize the vital role that well-functioning, stable, open, transparent and competitive energy markets play in bolstering economic activity and growth.

The significant economic contraction and uncertain outlook due to the pandemic have exacerbated energy supply and demand imbalances, increasing energy market instability, directly impacting the oil and gas sector and spilling over into other industries, further hampering the global economic recovery. This market instability, adds to the heavy toll on jobs, businesses, and people.

To underpin global economic recovery and to safeguard our energy markets, we commit to work together to develop collaborative policy responses, that will ensure market stability across all energy sources taking into account each country’s circumstances.

To address these challenges, we commit to take all the necessary and immediate measures to ensure energy market stability.

We recognize the commitment of some producers to stabilize energy markets. We acknowledge the importance of international cooperation in ensuring the resilience of energy systems.

Energy Security

We recognize that energy security is a key enabler for economic activity, an essential element of energy access, and a cornerstone of energy market stability.

The pandemic has introduced unprecedented challenges and reminds us of the importance of a stable, affordable, sustainable, and uninterrupted supply of energy to meet demand, especially for essential services, such as healthcare, which is crucial to ensure that the global community can overcome this crisis, especially in developing and least developed countries.

We commit to take all the necessary measures to ensure the balance of interests between producers and consumers, the security of our energy systems and the uninterrupted flow of energy. In doing so, we are particularly aware of the need to ensure that health and other sectors that are leading the fight against COVID-19 have the energy supplies that they need.

We will continue to work closely with actors across the sector to make our energy systems more adaptive and resilient in responding to future emergencies.

We establish a short-term Focus Group, with the task of developing the coordinated response measures and corrective actions, and making policy recommendations as needed. The Focus Group is open for all G20 parties, on voluntary basis and will regularly report its assessment during the Saudi G20 Presidency, in collaboration with relevant international organizations, to G20 Energy Ministers.

We will continue our close cooperation and review both our response to the COVID-19 pandemic and our broader G20 energy agenda—transition towards cleaner and sustainable energy systems—at our scheduled meeting in September, while standing ready to reconvene sooner if necessary.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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